Tympanoplasty
   In tympanoplasty, tympanic membrane or damaged middle auditory ossicles are reformed. 

 



   Tympanic Membrane Rupture Reasons
   The main causes of tympanic membrane rupture are physical strike or infection. The following cases are the reasons of tympanic membrane rupture:
  •  sever strike on ear like a slap on the face
  •  head injury
  •  to be in a proximity of an explosion
  •  if tip of a sharp things like a needle entering in the duct of the ear deeply
  •  entering of a hot stuff (when welding) or entering of an acid stuff in ear

   Besides the above reasons, infection of an inner ear can cause pain, decrease of hearing and rupture of tympanic membrane spontaneously. This causes infectious secretion with some blood coming out of ear.