Genovarum (Bow legged) 
   Standing normally with straight knees and when ankles are posed near each other, there should not be much distance between the knees. In any case when ankles are put together and still there is noticeable distance between the knees, it is called Genovarum. 
   This disease is called bow legged because the legs are bowed. In case of bow legged, the shins are deviated inward.

 



   Genovarum or bow legged reasons are as follow:
  • Lack of balance coordination of growth plate (in children) 
  • Diseases that causes reduction of bone minerals (like rickets and Osteomalacia)
  • Arthritis (Osteoarthritis)
  • Tearing of knee tendons
  • Fracture of the extreme end of the leg bone which leads to a bad unification
  • Upper fracture of Tibia (because of bad unification)
  • Paget disease
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

   Bow legged in Children: Formation of being bow legged in children who just have begun walking (toddlers) is usually reformed automatically. A physiological term is used for this kind of knee bow legged. This situation is going to be cured until eighteen years old and there is no special need for therapy. It is believed that such a situation (physiological bow legged) happens frequently in children who begins walking earlier. 
   There is a minor frequency of bow legged in children. There is no therapy need for this kind of change. If this kind of formed change has not been reformed until the end of the childhood, it needs a therapy.